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Study: Exercise Helps Lower Fitness Age 研究显示锻炼帮助减缓衰老

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We all know exercise can help build a foundation for healthy living. But can it make you younger? According to a new study of senior athletes, exercising can lower your fitness age — a measure of how well your body works. June Soh has more.
We all know exercise can help build a foundation for healthy living. But can it make you younger? According to a new study of senior athletes, exercising can lower your fitness age — a measure of how well your body works. June Soh has more.

Every morning, Tony Diamond goes to a local park for an hour of fast walking. Then he runs for another hour. He also goes to a gym two or three times a week for muscle training. The retired navy captain won three medals at the 2015 National Senior Games in the road race and the race walk in his age group, 85 to 89.

"My current age is 86 years old and my fitness age is 44,' he says. "I think I have such a good number because I did a lot of exercise during my life. I've been exercising since I was a little boy."

Helen White, a versatile athlete who won a silver medal in pickleball at the 2013 National Senior Games, plays basketball and also teaches the sport to senior groups.

"I'm 62 years old and my fitness result showed that I was 32 years,' she says. "It really wasn't until I turned to 50 that I decided to become much more serious and focused about play, and just making sure it is daily part of my life."

White and Diamond are among some 5,000 competitors in the National Senior Games, a biennial competition for athletes over 50 that was recently held in Minnesota, who took part in the study on fitness age.

The research, led by Dr. Pamela Peeke of the University of Maryland in coordination with Dr. Ulrik Wisloff of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, who developed a fitness calculator, found that older athletes' fitness age is more than 20 years younger than their chronological age.

"You simply input very straightforward data,' said Peeke, explaining how the study was conducted. 'We ask you questions: your age, height, weight, how much you work out, your waist size, heart rate, blood pressure, and it goes on. Then you press a button, you find out what your actual fitness age is.

"This kind of testing, an assessment of fitness age, is actually very valid and it helps us understand the benefits of being fit and healthy," she added, explaining that anyone can use the online calculator for free.

Peeke, a board member of the organization that runs the National Senior Games, says many of the competitors didn't start training until later in life. Consisting of a variety of sports - from track and field to triathlon - the games' average competitor is 68, although their average fitness age is 43.

'It doesn't matter how old you are,' she said. 'Twenty, 25, 30 ... who cares, all of us can lower our fitness age by staying right on top of it, taking good care of ourselves, especially physical activity.'

Peeke says it is never too early or too late to start reaping the benefits of exercise.

人人都知道锻炼有助健康。不过锻炼能让你变得更年轻吗?根据对老年运动员进行的一项新研究,锻炼可以减低你的"健康年龄"(fitness age),这是衡量你的身体到底有多好的指标。对最近参加在美国明尼苏达州举行的全国老年运动会(National Senior Games)?#33041;?#21160;员进行的研究显示,他们的"健康年龄"比同龄人年轻了20多岁!显然,这会鼓舞更多的人走出户外锻炼身体。

每天早晨,?#24515;帷?#25140;蒙德都到当地公园快走一个小时,?#32531;?#20877;跑步一个小时。他每星期?#35895;?#20581;身房两三?#21361;?#38203;炼肌肉。这位退役海军上校在2015年全国老年运动会上拿下了85到89年龄组公路赛跑和竞走项目的三面金牌。

他说,"?#19994;氖导?#24180;龄是86岁,而'健康年龄'是44岁。我觉得,?#19994;?#25968;?#32456;?#20040;好是因为我一辈?#20323;?#31215;极锻炼。?#19968;?#26159;小孩子的时候就开?#32423;土读恕?

海?#20303;?#24576;特打篮球,还教老年人运动。这位才能多样?#33041;?#21160;员在2013年全国老年运动会赢得了匹克球的银牌。

怀特说,"?#19994;氖导?#24180;龄是62岁,?#19994;?#20581;康测试结果显示我是32岁。"

怀特和戴蒙德以及其他大约5000名老年运动会参赛者参加了"健康年龄"研究。马里兰大学助理教授帕米拉·皮克与制定了"健康年龄计算器"的挪威科技大学的乌尔丽克·威斯洛夫一道进行了这项研究。

皮克说,"你只需要输入简单明?#35828;?#25968;据。我们的问题是:你的年龄、身高、体重、锻炼程度、腰围、心率、血压,等等。?#32531;螅?#20320;按个键,就能发现你?#23548;?#30340;'健康年龄'是多少。"

任何人都能免费使用网?#31995;?#35745;算器。

皮克说,"这种测试,也就是对'健康年龄'的评估,?#23548;?#19978;非常?#34892;В?#24110;助我们理解身体健康带来的?#20040;Α?

全国老年运动会是每两年举行的赛事,参加者年龄在50岁以上,从田径到铁人三项,包括多项运动。今年运动会的平均参赛年龄是68岁,平均"健康年龄"是43岁。

皮克在策划这项运动会的组织担任董事会成员。她说,很多参赛者是到了一定年纪时才开?#32423;?#28860;的。

老年运动员怀特说,"我其实是到了50岁才决定更认真?#24230;?#25171;球并把它作为我日常生活的一部分。"

皮克说,"无论你年纪如?#21361;?0岁、25岁、30岁,有什么关系?我们谁都可以降低?#32422;?#30340;'健康年龄',方式是注意健康,?#23637;?#22909;?#32422;海?#29305;别要保持体力活动。"

皮克说,锻炼一定会有?#20040;Γ?#20160;么时候开?#32423;?#19981;会太早或太晚。

网?#35757;?#23398;习评论(1条):
Very good, exercise is very important for human being health. At least, taking 30 muniutes per day to exercise. Come on.
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